Most people in the justice system are substance-involved. In 2010, 85% of the prison or jail population were substance-involved and 1.5 million met the DSM-IV medical criteria for substance abuse or addiction (CASA, 2010).
Evidence-based practices to substance use intervention and treatment can improve offender outcomes related to substance use and recidivism.
- Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) has been used successfully in criminal justice settings.
- Medication-Assisted Treatment is in serious need of expansion in criminal justice settings and for justice-involved individuals.
- Other evidence-based practices, including Motivational Incentives (also known as contingency management) and Motivational Interviewing can be used in criminal justice settings.
Comprehensive quality improvement processes and plans can improve outcomes related to substance use and recidivism.
- IRETA provides consulting services to justice systems to improve quality and outcomes. Learn more in our Find Solutions section.